Operacy: required skills: De Bono
Students nowadays need numeracy, literacy but they also require operacy. Operacy is kind of what it says on the tin. And it needs taught explicitly. Teaching thinking directly has improved performance by 30-70% according to the Atkey studies. The New Deal increased employment by 500% by teaching thinking skills. Even when students were taught less science, but taught more thinking skills, they still did better in examinations than those who just got traditional knowledge. Most of the stories De Bono is giving are all about giving students more self motivation.
In business, too. Statoil had a 100,000 dollar problem which was solved in 12 minutes having been taught thinking skills.
Using parallel thinking ABB reduced their project meeting days from 30 to 2.
These thinking skills are often based around the six hats idea. There's a full explanation of six hats over here. It sounds very close to the kind of thinking we are encouraged to do already in East Lothian. I don't know if that gets through to our classrooms all the time, though. (Time, of course, being a factor in people not having the time to think about thinking... my goodness, we might have some work to do ;-)